Department of Health

The medicinal cannabis regulatory framework in Victoria is shaped by both State and Commonwealth legislation, as well as international conventions to which Australia is a signatory, such as the United Nations' Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961.

Commonwealth legislation

Commonwealth legislation restricts the cultivation, manufacture, supply and use of narcotic drugs in accordance with international obligations in these areas. It also ensures that therapeutic goods sold in Australia meet suitable standards of safety, quality and efficacy, and places restrictions on the importation of controlled medicines.

Commonwealth legislation and standards regulating medicinal cannabis in Australia include:

The Narcotic Drugs Act 1967External Link

  • Administered by the Commonwealth Office of Drug Control (ODC)External Link .
  • Provides the Commonwealth government with powers to meet international obligations relating to the regulation of drug manufacture.
  • The Narcotic Drugs Amendment Bill 2016External Link amended the Narcotic Drugs Act 1967 to allow for the cultivation and manufacture of cannabis for medicinal and related scientific purposes in Australia.
  • Establishes a comprehensive national licensing and permit scheme to regulate the cultivation, production and manufacture of cannabis in Australia for medicinal and scientific purposes.

The Therapeutic Goods Act 1989External Link

The Australian Poisons Standard (SUSMP)External Link

  • The Poisons Standard is a Commonwealth legislative instrument consisting of decisions that classify different medicines and poisons into 'Schedules'.
  • The regulatory measures that apply to different substances in Victoria and other states depend on how they are scheduled in the Poisons Standard.
  • Medicinal cannabis products are currently listed as either Schedule 4 or Schedule 8 substances in the Poisons Standard, depending on cannabinoid content.
  • Schedule 4 medicinal cannabis products are those in which cannibidiol (CBD) makes up at least 98% of the total cannabinoid content, with any other cannabinoids (e.g. THC) accounting for no more than 2% of total cannabinoids.
  • All other medicinal cannabis products are classified as Schedule 8 substances.

The Customs Act 1901External Link

  • Prohibits the personal importation of cannabis and cannabis based products.
  • However, cannabis and cannabis based products can be imported on a patient's behalf by a specified medical practitioner if they are licencedExternal Link under the Customs Act to do so.
  • The Customs Act also has a travellers exemptionExternal Link , allowing a person (or their carer) to enter Australia with up to 3 months' supply of a prescribed therapeutic good -- including medicinal cannabis products supplied overseas.

Victorian legislation

Victorian legislation imposes additional restrictions on controlled substances (including scheduled medicines) to minimise the harm their misuse poses to the community.

The regulatory measures that apply to different drugs and medicines in Victoria depends on how they are scheduled in the Australian Poisons Standard (the SUSMP)External Link . The Victorian legislative controls for scheduled substances vary according to their risk and are set out in the below legislation.

The Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981

  • Administered by the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services
  • Prohibits and regulates the possession and use of medicines and poisons in Victoria.
  • Regulates the possession and supply of scheduled substances through licences and permits issued by the department.
  • In most circumstances, registered medical and nurse practitioners are required to gain a Treatment Permit from the department before prescribing a Schedule 8 medicine to a patient with a history of drug dependence (including for Schedule 8 medicinal cannabis products).
    • The purpose of these permits is to prevent unsanctioned concurrent prescribing ('prescription shopping') and to minimise the risk of addiction or abuse of controlled substances.
  • Manufacturers and wholesalers are also required to have an authorisation (such as a licence and a permit) to obtain, possess, sell or supply medicinal cannabis in Victoria. Visit the Business and Industry page to learn more.
  • The act also regulates the possession and supply of scheduled synthetic medicinal cannabinoids.

The Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Amendment (Real-time Prescription Monitoring) Act 2017External Link and regulations.

  • Prescribe matters required for the implementation the government's SafeScript initiativeExternal Link . This includes which medicines are monitored in SafeScript, Victoria's real-time prescription monitoring software.
  • From April 2020, it will be mandatory for doctors and pharmacists to check SafeScript when writing or dispensing a prescription for schedule 8 medicines and certain schedule 4 medicines, including some medicinal cannabis products.

Growing cannabis for personal use and the recreational use of cannabis is illegal in Victoria.

Reviewed 14 March 2022


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