- Alcohol and other drug services are covered by a mixed model of funding.
- Non-residential services are mostly funded using an activity-based model of funding.
- Residential services are mostly funded using an episode-of-care model.
- The Drug Treatment Activity Unit allows comparison and adjustment of prices for activity-based funding.
- Pricing is affected by weighting of treatment, complexity of treatment required, and product price loading for specific groups of clients.
The Victorian alcohol and drug services currently operate under a mixed-funding model:
- The majority of adult non-residential services is delivered across 16 catchments and have been provided on the basis of a DTAU since September 2014.
- Adult residential services and Aboriginal and youth-specific services are funded on the basis of an episode of care.
- Other drug treatment grants such as research, local initiatives and pharmacotherapy programs will continue to be funded on the basis of a block grant.
Funding for drug prevention and control activities is based on block grants and submissions.
Funding provided to service providers will be indexed consistent with the government’s annual determination for community service organisations.
Activity-based funding for residential and most adult non-residential services
The majority of adult non-residential services have been provided on the basis of a Drug Treatment Activity Unit (DTAU) since September 2014. All residential services transitioned to the DTAU on 1 July 2019.
Drug Treatment Activity Unit
All residential and most adult non-residential service providers are predominantly funded on the basis of a common unit, a DTAU. DTAUs allow relative prices to be compared and adjusted across alcohol and other drug activities that use different combinations of inputs.
The use of DTAUs allows for easy aggregation of information to account for the total cost of an individual client’s treatment journey, even where this involves use of multiple treatment streams. This in turn will be linked to transparent reporting of outcomes.
The Drug Treatment Activity Unit (DTAU) derivation rules set out how the department allocates DTAU for service delivery performance that is reported by AOD treatment providers.
These rules are set out in two documents, available in Downloads
- Drug Treatment Activity Unit derivation rules 2020-21 - Plain english guide - This is an easy to read description of the derivation rules and may be useful for operational and clinical staff to understand how the services they deliver are allocated DTAU.
- Drug Treatment Activity Unit derivation rules 2020-21: Code version – This provides a code interpretation of the derivation rules which may be useful for service providers to develop internal performance reports.
Treatment streams and products
The activity-based model will provide funding via the following alcohol and other drug treatment activity streams:
- care and recovery coordination
- non-residential withdrawal
- residential rehabilitation
- residential withdrawal
- youth supported accommodation
- therapeutic day rehabilitation
- catchment-based planning (block funded).
These treatment streams align with a number of new product types and each product is assigned a ‘weighting’ that is expressed in terms of number of DTAUs and, in turn, determines the price of the product.
Product prices are calculated based on a cost-modelling exercise that involves determining the likely inputs that contribute to delivering alcohol and other drug services, including the clinical and non-clinical resources, indirect costs and overheads and combining these with costs data, to derive a ‘modelled cost’ for each alcohol and other drug treatment product.
The counting unit for each of these products is an event (for example, a referral) or a ‘course’ of the particular treatment type involved that is modelled on an average number of sessions or length of support required.
Funding for standard and complex clients
To ensure that complex and high need clients are provided with care that meets their needs, separate ‘standard’ and ‘complex’ products apply to the counselling and withdrawal treatment streams.
Complexity is determined through the administration of a comprehensive assessment, which is conducted as part of the assessment function, or by Australian Community Support Organisation (ACSO) in the case of referral through the courts. Service providers will only receive the 'complex' price for those clients assessed as complex through this process.
Service providers will be expected to adjust the duration and intensity of the treatment response to meet the complexity of the client’s presentation. There will be scope for reclassifying between ‘standard’ and ‘complex’ should a client’s clinical requirements change significantly during the treatment episode.
Product price loadings for specific groups of clients
In accordance with Victorian Government policy for health services, a price loading of 30 per cent applies to Aboriginal clients.
A 15 per cent forensic loading is applied to identified (non-Aboriginal) forensic clients, in recognition of the additional costs associated with service delivery to this client group.
If a client is Aboriginal and a forensic client, only the 30 per cent Aboriginal loading applies.
These loadings are funded from within a provider’s DTAU allocation and not as additional payments. This means that treatment services provided to Aboriginal and forensic clients will use a greater proportion of an agency’s DTAU allocation and therefore meet their annual service delivery DTAU targets faster. Once a provider reaches the annual forensic client DTAU delivery targets, they will then receive fee-for-service funding from ACSO Community Offender Advice and Treatment Services (COATS).
DTAU targets for each stream are set at a minimum of 80 per cent of each provider’s total allocation. Twenty per cent of DTAU within any stream may be shifted between streams for flexible use across all product types delivered by the service. The department requires funded providers to discuss the proposed use of the flexible DTAU funding with their regional office.
As the catchment-based planning function is block funded, flexible-use funding cannot be used for this purpose.
Data collection requirements
Services are accountable for the appropriate use of funding and for the delivery of services specified in the service agreement. To ensure accountability, services are required to regularly report on the services they are funded to deliver through data collections and other reporting. This allows the alcohol and other drug treatment service and the department to periodically review progress and achievement of agreed targets and performance measures and ensure accountability.
The department aggregates data received from treatment services to assess the performance of each provider and the treatment program, to produce reports to inform performance monitoring, service planning and policy development, and to meet national reporting requirements.
To ensure that product weightings and loadings are accurate, it is critical that service delivery and performance data collected and reported is true and accurate. Product weightings and loadings are reviewed on a regular basis.
Episode of care funding for youth and Aboriginal-specific services
Aboriginal and youth-specific services and some other non-residential services are funded on the basis of an episode of care.
The formal definition of an episode of care is a completed course of treatment undertaken by a client under the care of an alcohol and drug worker, which achieves at least one significant treatment goal.
The model acknowledges that not all courses of treatment will result in a significant treatment goal being achieved, and this is taken into account in both unit prices set and targets expected. Unit prices are based on one of the following approaches for:
- an equivalent full-time worker (38 hours per week)
- a service where a team of workers may be involved in order to deliver the required episodes of care
- other services.
The Episode of Care (EOC) and Course of Treatment (COT) derivation rules set out how the department allocates EOC and COT for service delivery performance that is reported by AOD treatment providers.
These rules are set out in a document, available in Downloads:
- Episode of Care (EOC) and Course of Treatment (COT) derivation rules 2020-21 -This is an easy to read description of the derivation rules and may be useful for operational and clinical staff to understand how the services they deliver are allocated these funding units.
Alcohol and other drugs outputs and outcomes
Funded organisations should use the Funded Agency Channel to determine their targets for alcohol and other drug services, and note that these represent the minimum deliverables expected for the funding provided. Funded organisations may consequently report higher levels of service delivery. Health services' Statements of Priorities include drug services activity targets for successful courses of treatment for community-based services.
Please see Part 3 of the Alcohol and other drugs program guidelines for more information about quality reporting and performance management.
Reviewed 21 September 2022