Because any person using a health or community service in Victoria may be same-sex attracted, trans, gender diverse or have an intersex variation, it is important for all services to consider how they can become more inclusive of people who are LGBTI.
Services should aim to become more responsive to issues related to sexual orientation, gender identity and intersex variations, and to understand the specific health and wellbeing needs of subgroups within the LGBTI population.
Lesbians are more likely than heterosexual women to experience some health risks and issues. Health inequalities are related to the effects of discrimination, marginalisation and isolation rather than to sexual orientation.
Bisexual people can experience discrimination, which results in poorer health and wellbeing outcomes. Bisexual people can be more likely than others to experience mental health issues, substance abuse, sexually transmissible infections, some cancers and HIV.
Health of gay men
Gay men are more likely to suffer from poor mental health, including depression and anxiety, substance misuse problems and are at increased risk of sexually transmissible infections, including HIV. Regular sexual health screening is important for sexually active gay men.
Health of trans and gender diverse people
Trans and gender diverse (TGD) people do not identify with the gender assigned based on their body at birth.
Health of intersex people
Intersex people are born with both female and male biological attributes. Intersex variations are natural biological variations and occur in up to 1.7 per cent of births. Health services should understand what intersex is.
Understanding lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex health
The Department of Health & Human Services offers services and resources to improve the health and wellbeing outcomes for LGBTI Victorians.
Reviewed 08 September 2015