Department of Health

The Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy

Antimicrobial resistance is a public health priority in Victoria and a recognised health threat internationally.

Antimicrobial resistance strategy - video transcript.

What is antimicrobial resistance and why is it a threat to our health?

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) refers to when micro-organisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) develop resistance to antimicrobial substances, like antibiotics. The emergence of AMR represents a real and growing threat in Victoria and across the world. It is relevant for the health of humans, animals and the environment. 

More information about AMR is available in the Antimicrobial resistance - 2018 Chief Health Officer’s Report page.

Our national response

‘One Health’ is a collaborative approach in which multiple sectors work together to achieve better public health outcomes. In the context of AMR, a ‘One Health’ cross-sector and transdisciplinary approach - working at local, regional national and global levels – is required to achieve the best health outcomes while recognising the interconnection between people, animals, plants and their shared environment1.

Australia’s National Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy – 2020 and beyond was released last year and sets out the priorities for a coordinated national response. A wide range of items related to the response fall under the legislative, regulatory or fiscal jurisdictional responsibility of states and territories. This means the work outlined in the national strategy will often need to be done at the state and territory level.

Victoria’s response

The Victorian Government is developing the first Victorian Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy 2022-2032. 

A comprehensive consultation process has been completed and this valuable input will help inform the objectives and priority actions of the Victorian Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy 2022-2032.


[1] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. One Health. Last updated 23 March 2021. 

More information

Reviewed 16 November 2021


Contact details

Do not email patient notifications.

Communicable Disease Section Department of Health GPO Box 4057, Melbourne, VIC 3000

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