Department of Health

Stroke occurs when a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain either becomes blocked - known as an ischaemic stroke - or ruptures and begins to bleed- known as a haemorrhagic stroke - (Stroke Foundation 2018).   

Either may result in part of the brain dying, leading to sudden impairment that can affect a number of bodily functions.  

Stroke often causes paralysis of parts of the body normally controlled by the area of the brain affected by the stroke. It can also cause speech problems and other symptoms, such as difficulties with swallowing, vision and thinking (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2018). 

In 2017, stroke was the third leading cause of death in Victoria and responsible for more than six per cent of all deaths in the state, with females more likely to die from stroke than males (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018).

The prevalence of self-reported doctor-diagnosed stroke in Victorians was 2.7 per cent in 2016 (Department of Health and Human Services 2018).  

This data source also identified that the prevalence of stroke decreased significantly with increasing total annual household income for females. No significant trend was observed, however, for males.  

Find out more 

The Victorian Population Health Survey 2016 has a section on stroke. 

The Stroke Foundation has information on stroke and its prevention. 

References 

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2018 Causes of Death, Victoria, 2017 ABS Canberra. 

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2018 Australia's health 2018 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra. 

Department of Health and Human Services 2018, Victorian Population Health Survey 2016, State Government of Victoria, Melbourne

Stroke Foundation 2018, What is a stroke?, Stroke Foundation, Melbourne. 

Non-communicable disease articles

Cancer

There are 95 new diagnoses of cancer each day in our state.

Melanoma

Australia has one of the highest rates of melanoma in the world.

Non-melanoma skin cancer

Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most commonly treated cancer in Australia, placing a substantial cost burden on the health system

Heart disease

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in Australia and Victoria.

Stroke

Stroke can cause speech problems and other symptoms, such as difficulties with swallowing, vision and thinking.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a common chronic condition characterised by high sugar levels.

Musculoskeletal conditions

Arthritis is a large contributor to illness, pain and disability.

 

Reviewed 19 February 2020

Health.vic

Was this page helpful?