Please see the Health Alert from Victoria's Chief Health Officer, Dr Brett Sutton, in relation to additional cases of measles in Victoria.
Two new cases of measles have recently been diagnosed with public exposure sites in Melbourne.
A woman in her 30s - who fell ill after visiting New Zealand - was diagnosed once she returned home. She is now recovering at home.
In an unrelated case, a woman in her 20s who arrived in Melbourne at the weekend from South East Asia, is now being treated and recovering in hospital.
Victoria's Chief Health Officer, Dr Brett Sutton said there are a large number of ongoing international measles outbreaks in our region as well as Asia, Europe and America.
"People who are planning overseas travel should ensure they have received vaccinations appropriate to travel, including an MMR vaccine if they do not have a history of two previous MMR vaccinations," Dr Sutton said.
"Free MMR vaccine is now available from GPs and some pharmacies for all eligible people born during or since 1966. Patients unsure of their vaccination status or are aged over 18 months and have only had one vaccine, should be vaccinated."
In 2019 there have now been 38 cases of confirmed measles notified in Victoria. Almost all cases are in people who are not fully immunised against measles, who have either travelled overseas or been in contact with travellers from overseas in Victoria.
The table below is a summary of all the exposure sites visited by the cases whilst infectious.
|Date||Time||Location||Onset of symptoms up to|
|Sunday, 29 September||1pm - 4.30pm||Melbourne Zoo, Elliott Avenue, Parkville||Thursday 17 October 2019|
|Sunday, 29 September||12pm - 1pm, and 4pm - 5pm||Tram 58 (City to the Zoo and return trip)||Thursday 17 October 2019|
|Monday, 30 September||1pm - 7.30pm||David Jones Women's Store, Ground Floor, Bourke Street Mall||Friday,18 October 2019|
|Monday, 30 September||12pm - 1pm, and 9pm - 10pm||Tram 96/Tram 86||Friday 18 October 2019|
|Monday, 30 September||7.30pm-8.30pm||DoDee Paidang Café, 353 Little Collins St, Melbourne CBD||Friday 18 October 2019|
|Wednesday, 2 October||12.45pm - 1.30pm||Humble Rays Café, 71 Bouverie St, Carlton||Sunday 20 October 2019|
|Thursday, 3 October||10am - 11am||Tram 96/Tram 86||Monday 21 October 2019|
|Friday, 4 October||8.30am - 9.30am||Tram 96/Tram 86||Tuesday 22 October 2019|
|Saturday, 5 October||8.10pm||Scoot Flight TR 24 from Singapore to Melbourne, landed at 8.10pm||Wednesday 23 October 2019|
|Saturday, 5 October||8.10pm - 9.40pm||Melbourne Tullamarine Airport, Terminal 2||Wednesday 23 October 2019|
Measles is a highly infectious viral disease that can cause serious illness. Those most at risk of serious illness include very young children and adults with weakened immune systems.
People can develop pneumonia and other serious complications from the disease, and often need to be hospitalised.
The illness usually begins with common cold symptoms such as runny nose, red eyes and a cough, followed by fever and rash.
The characteristic measles rash usually begins 3-7 days after the first symptoms, generally starting on the face and then spreading to the rest of the body.
Anyone developing symptoms is advised to ring ahead to their general practitioner or hospital first and tell them that they may have measles so that appropriate steps can be taken to avoid contact with other patients. If you think you might have measles, it's a good idea to stay away from other people as much as possible, particularly those who are unvaccinated or most at risk of serious illness, until you have been assessed by a doctor.
Anyone who is unvaccinated is at highest risk of contracting measles. The disease is now uncommon in Australia because of the widespread use of the measles vaccine, but the disease is more prevalent in many countries overseas. Most cases of measles in Victoria have been linked to international travel.
The measles vaccine is currently recommended on the National Immunisation Program at 12 months and again at 18 months. Immunisation is the best protection against measles.
People need to have received two doses of measles-containing vaccine to be fully protected. Many adults have only received one vaccine against measles and therefore most cases are in this age group.
Most people born before 1966 will have been exposed to measles in childhood, and therefore will be protected.
This means if you are an adult born in or after 1966 - especially if you are planning travel overseas - you may be susceptible and should contact your GP to get vaccinated - and a free Measles, Mumps, Rubella vaccine is available.
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Reviewed 08 October 2019